Archive for the "Home Improvement" Category

By Patricia Holland

Some of the most important prison furniture that a correctional facility can invest in are stainless steel accessories, security showers, and security plumbing fixtures. These products are designed to address fundamental safety concerns that have plagued prisons for millennia.

The three biggest safety concerns in prisons are suicide attempts, vandalism, and weapons making. Vandalism involves more than destruction of property. It is often a distraction to get guards to focus on something other than inmates so that inmates can attack. Prison officials have to constantly be on the lookout for inmates who attempt these actions because failure to stop them in advance can lead to copy cat behavior and possible rioting.

There are specific actions, as well, that inmates have historically done on a consistent basis to cause mischief and harm.

1. They would hang themselves by tying a homemade rope to a shower head or shower hook.

2. They would flood the cells by stopping up toilets.

3. They would to cut themselves on sharp edges.

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4. They would break off pieces of metal to manufacture knives

Inmates will, when frustrated, often try to destroy things in their cell. They will attempt to break prison furniture. At other times, they will use foreign objects to stop the plumbing fixtures and flood their cells. In many cases this is more than vandalism.

Prison furniture evolved out of the need to reduce the likelihood of such incidents. Anti-ligature products that are now sold to prison include, but are not limited to, security towel hooks, security book shelf units, shelf for general storage, toothbrush holders, soap dishes, and plumbing fixtures such as lavatories, security showers, urinals, and toilet sink combo units.

Regardless of who manufactures these products, they are all engineered with certain characteristics that minimize the ability of prisoners to do harm to themselves or others. They are also made in ways that allow architects to install them in any minimum, medium, or maximum security environment.

The anti ligature features of prison furniture are all directly related to past inmate behavior and the contemporary policy of proactively preventing this behavior, as much as it can be prevented, before it occurs.

— Any welds are ground smooth so there are no seams where metal sheets can be broken apart to create a sharp cutting surface.

— Minimum components are used to build these fixtures to reduce the ability to produce weapons.

— Most products have very rounded edges that cannot be used to cut and that cannot be sharpened.

— Shower heads and hooks break off when too much weight is applied.

— Prison security plumbing fixtures, such as combo lavatory toilets and stainless steel toilets, can take thousands of pounds of impact force without breaking free from the wall.

— Water control and superior flushing ability prevents plumbing from being used to flood cells.

Prison furniture designed with these attributes has produced measurable improvements in correctional facility security.

1. When inmates cannot break a vandal resistant fixture, their anger is invalidated, and they can often be calmed down more quickly.

2. If inmates attempt suicide by hanging, the broken hooks will give them away to guards.

3. It is so difficult to make weapons that any attempt to do so is more likely to be detected and stopped before something happens.

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XPB Locker

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Submitted by: Carole Johnson

It s up to any designer or homeowner what style and overall look they want for a bathroom. They can choose to have a wide and open master bath with minimalistic approach or one that is reminiscent of a period design like small, ornate bath and powder rooms. Here are 3 bathroom ideas that can help achieve the right style, look, and functionality to your new bathroom.

Rich Accents to Soft Color Tones

Bathrooms are known to exude a clean design with a sense of familiar and welcoming comfort. Although others have preferred the formal and traditional design that brings an abstract feel to the room, many have already veered away from the traditional design and opted for a modular one that shows both function and style. Soft color tones like taupe or olive green can be more beautiful with orange or blue accents. The key is to have the right proportion and a harmony of intense colors and soft tones. The same goes for furnishing. For example, a double bathroom vanity is quite stylish with a rich combination of ceramic, wood and metal fixtures.

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Built-in and Box It In

Essential in any clean, stylish and organized bathroom is the proper storage for personal effects, towels, laundry basket, hangers, and what-not. If there s enough space in your room, designate an area for bulky cleaning items like mops, supplies, vacuum cleaners, and more. Built-in wall units can keep all these things boxed in and tidied up before and after use. If there s a limit in space, a great idea is to go for stacking washer and dryer or maximize wall space by hanging wire baskets, racks, hooks for holding a variety of items. A double bathroom vanity can also have more spacious drawers with stackable drawer organizers that offer plenty of space for makeup and hair accessories. You may even choose those stackable drawers with sliding mechanisms for easier accessibility.

Good Air Circulation

In any kind of room, good air circulation is one of the most important aspects. The odor and bacteria are some things that you would want to avoid in a bathroom which you use everyday. Without proper air circulation, there will be moisture, bacteria, and mold buildup that will make the room unclean and unsafe for everyday use. Exhaust fans will do the trick. It will reduce the moisture and provide the healthy air that a bathroom needs. Humidifiers will also enhance the air in the room. You can even resort to natural humidifiers in the form of a table top fountain, which is known to create a calm and relaxing environment. These are also great decorative pieces that can add to your bathroom s overall design and bring earthy, warm feeling to your indoor space. You can enjoy a hot bubble bath and relieve stress with a clean and welcoming bathroom with all the essential pieces and harmonious color tones. A table top fountain can also go well in bedrooms and home offices where you can enhance the comfort level and ambiance of the room.

About the Author: Carole Johnson has been in the home design business for more than 30 years. She has assisted homeowners with their furniture needs, specifically with

modern bath vanity


bath vanity

amongst others.


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By Patricia Holland

Anti ligature washroom fixtures minimize the risk of violence in correctional facilities and patient care facilities. Fixtures are designed with a minimum number of ligature points for patient safety. Areas where ligature devices could be suspended are rounded, or they are designed with breakaway fail safes to keep individuals from using them for hanging. Sharp edges are beveled or rounded. This prevents the creation of cutting tools.

Anti ligature washroom products and accessories include a broad spectrum of products. Hand washing fixtures, showers and valves, and washroom accessories are all designed in compliance with suicide resistant codes written in the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines and the National Association of Psychiatric Health Systems guidelines.

Anti ligature washroom fixtures for hand washing are made with contoured edges. Spray heads are mounted flush to basin. Many models have infrared activated faucets so that there is no handle to remove. Basins have contoured edges as well. Terreon material used to make handwash fountains is vandal resistant. This makes the basin very difficult to break into pieces with sharp edges.

If the material is chipped or scraped, repair kits are available to restore its condition.

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Anti ligature washroom fixtures for showers include both showers and valves. Shower design must minimize any protuberance that could be used to hand a ligature cord, or that could be broken off to create a sharp edge.

Shower valves feature a design that is rounded and flush mounted to the wall. This prevents attempt at hanging shoe laces, bed sheets, or other ligature devices from their surface. Contoured handles also minimize ligature points with edges too rounded and smooth for inmates or patients to tie ligature cords. Many shower models use hemispherical pushbuttons to minimize ligature points.

Features such as sloped tops on valve covers, breakaway towel hooks that release under excess weight, and other contoured shower surfaces are designed to prevent a number of self-inflicted injuries and weapons manufacture. Without sharp edges, handles cannot easily be turned into knives.

Breakaway hooks prevent attempts at hanging because they give way under excess weight. Sloped tops on valves are another way of minimizing the risk of ligature tie off. Showers mount to the wall extremely flush because they are manufactured with beveled edges. This makes it extremely difficult to remove the fixture from the wall.

The smaller anti ligature washroom fixtures are also designed to prevent self injury or the making of weapons. Accessories such as mirrors are made of shiny stainless steel so they cannot be shattered and turned into sharp weapons. Toilet tissue dispensers are recessed mounted into walls. Security screws that can only be taken out with certain equipment are used to hold the dispensers in place. Commonplace objects or bare hands are not enough to budge either the dispenser or these screws from their place.

Other smaller anti ligature washroom fixtures include grab bars and soap dishes designed to resist attempts at pulling them from the wall. Grab bars feature a welded plat that fills the cavity between the bar and the wall to give them extra strength.

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